Do not wash the bite site!
Remaining traces of venom can be swabbed to identify the appropriate anti venom.
DO NOT cut the bite site!
DO NOT apply a torniquet!
Keep the patient as calm and still as possible.
Movement increases the rate at which the venom travels through the lymphatic system.
Apply a pressure bandage and splint.
Firm pressure and immobilisation will slow the spread of venom through the lymphatic system, allowing more time for appropriate medical care to be administered.
Do not try to catch the snake!
A venom identification kit can be used to identify the appropriate anti venom.
Avoid all movement, if possible bring transport to the patient. Do not allow the patient to walk, the patient should be moved on a stretcher where possible.
Begin bandaging a bitten limb above the fingers or toes and continue to bandage upward over the bite site and as far up the limb as possible. The pressure should be firm, but should not constrict blood flow. Bandage as firmly as you would for a sprained ankle. Splint the bandaged limb if possible to reduce movement.
The bandage should be firm, but not tight enough to stop blood circulation, an elasticised or crepe bandage is preferable. Where bandages are unavailable other fabrics can be used; clothing, towels or panty hose are effective substitutes. Any rigid object can be used as a splint, including sticks or rolled newspaper.
Bites to the head, neck or torso that cannot be bandaged and splinted should have firm, constant pressure applied around the bite site to inhibit venom dispersal.
Do not remove clothing, as movement will increase the rate of venom dispersal through the body.
Envenomation Symptoms include:
Puncture marks, scratches or bleeding.
Headache, nausea or vomiting
Double or blurred vision
Difficulty breathing or swallowing.
Drowsiness, dizzyness or fainting.